IOM is supporting communities in Tajikistan as they adapt to the effects of climate change on their livelihoods. In the southwest, where Tajikistan’s soaring peaks give way to agricultural lowlands, labour migration has become a common approach to maintaining financial sustainability - almost 50% of all families have at least one member working as a seasonal migrant, and 97% of the migrants are men, according to a 2021 baseline survey.
For women staying behind, this means taking on many additional responsibilities, including leading the agricultural production for the family. Further, climate-related droughts and extended dry seasons are making traditional approaches to agricultural production ineffective, causing even greater stress for the women and their families.
Responding to the complex climate- and migration-related dynamics of Tajikistan, IOM, with local partners, is implementing trainings and pilot programmes focused on climate-resilient agricultural practices, particularly for women in migrant families. The trainings also include support related to financial literacy, particularly reinforcing the benefits of saving and investing in climate-resilient practices.
The project uses an action research methodology, meaning it is trying multiple different approaches with different communities, to find the most successful intervention possible. This approach can then be replicated and scaled up across the country, and applied to other places facing similar challenges.
“Adaptation to climate change requires a lot of preparedness and knowledge. Thanks to the specialised trainings provided by IOM, which teach us about effective climate-resilient agricultural practices for our region of Southern Tajikistan, I am understanding that it is not too late to study, acquire skills, and apply the gained knowledge in our daily life, to adapt to the changes in the climate.” – Ashurova Dilafruz
The Khatlon region of southwest Tajikistan has long been known for its agricultural production. However, the effects of climate change, including increasingly common periods of drought, have heavily impacted production in recent years.
“Our household, harvest, and economic condition depends on access to water, which is heavily dependent on the climate and rain cycles. However, even as the climate changes and drought becomes more regular, this IOM training has explained that there are ways to prepare and adapt to climate change. Our efforts can lead to sustainable and successful harvests, and improved economic conditions for everyone in the community.” – Hakimova Zarnigor
Support action that enables people living on the front lines of climate change to build a more sustainable future and make staying possible.
IOM is addressing the links between climate change and migration, working with governments and local communities to manage and prepare for climate migration.
We have projects supporting people on this front globally, from the Pacific to the Sahel and from the Andes to the Himalayan steppe.